Sophie Vilhelmina Katherina Marie Louise Charlotte Anne was born on 21 May 1801, in Stockholm, Sweden. She was the eldest daughter of Frederica of Baden, Queen Consort of Sweden (12 March 1781 - 25 September 1826) and Gustaf IV Adolf, King of Sweden (1 November 1778 - 7 February 1837). Her maternal grandparents were Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt and Karl Ludwig of Baden. Her paternal grandparents were Sophia Magdalena of Denmark and Gustaf III, King of Sweden. Princess Sophie's parents were married on 31 October 1797. Her siblings were: Crown Prince Gustaf of Sweden (9 November 1799 - 1877), Prince Carl Gustaf of Sweden (2 December 1802 - 10 September 1805), Princess Amelia Maria of Sweden (22 February 1805 - 31 August 1853) and Princess Cecilia of Sweden (22 June 1807 - 1844). Her father, Gustaf IV Adolf abdicated on 29 March 1809. The family settled in Baden. In 1812, her parents were divorced. Princess Sophie married Prince Leopold of Baden (29 August 1790 - 24 April 1852) on 25 July 1819, in Karlsruhe. He was the son of Luise Karoline, Freiin Geyer von Geyersberg and Margrave Karl Friederich of Baden.
The Children of Sophie of Sweden and Leopold I:
Alexandrine of Baden (6 December 1820 - 20 December 1904) Married Duke Ernest II of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.
Ludwig of Baden (1822-1822)
Louis II (15 August 1824- 22 January 1858)
Frederick I, Grand Duke of Baden (9 September 1826 - 28 September 1907)
William of Baden (1829-1897) Married Marie of Leuchtenberg
Charles of Baden (1832-1906) Married Rosalie von Beust
Marie of Baden (1834-1899) Married Prince Ernest of Leiningen
Princess Cecilie of Baden (20 September 1839 - 12 April 1891) Married Grand Duke Michael Nicolaievich of Russia
Her mother, Frederica of Baden died on 25 September 1826, in Lausanne, Switzerland. She was interred at Schloss and Stiftskirche, in Pforzheim, Germany. In 1830, her husband became Leopold I, the fourth Grand Duke of Baden and Sophie became the new Grand Duchess of Baden. In 1831, Sophie was painted by the artist, Franz Xaver Winterhalter (1805-1873). During the Revolution of 1848-1849, she was forced to flee from Karlsruhe. Her husband, Leopold I died on 24 April 1852. Sophie of Sweden died on 6 July 1865, at Karlsruhe Palace.