John William Waterhouse was born on 6 April 1849, in Rome, Italy. He was the son of English painters. Known by the nickname "Nino", he began to paint with his father at home. In 1854, the family returned to England. In 1870, Waterhouse entered the Royal Academy schools. In 1874, he began exhibiting at the Royal Academy. John William Waterhouse married Esther Kenworthy on 8 September 1883, at the parish church of St. Mary, in Ealing. She was the daughter of James Lees Kenworthy. John William Waterhouse was elected to the Royal Institute of Painters in Watercolour. In 1888, Waterhouse painted The Lady of Shallot. In 1889, he resigned from the Institute. In 1892, Waterhouse painted Circe Invidiosa. In 1894, Ophelia. In 1895, The Shrine. In 1896, Hylas and the Nymphs. In 1900, The Awakening of Adonis and Spring or The Flower Picker. In 1901, he moved to St. John's Wood. He joined the social organization, St. John's Wood Arts Club. The Club's membership included Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema. In 1902, Waterhouse painted The Crystal Ball. In 1904, Danaides. In 1908, The Soul of the Rose. In 1912, Penelope and Her Suitors. In 1916, Lady of Shalott and Miranda the Tempest. In 1917, Fair Rosamund. John William Waterhouse died of cancer on 10 February 1917, in England.